Types of Greenhouses Used in Cold Weather

What is a Greenhouse?

A greenhouse is an enclosed structure designed to capture solar energy and create a warm environment for plants. It is typically built out of glass or a transparent plastic material, such as polyethylene. Greenhouses are used to grow plants in places where the climate would be too cold for them to survive outdoors. They are also used to extend the growing season, allowing farmers and gardeners to get an early start on the growing season and maximize yields.

Types of Greenhouses

There are several different types of greenhouses that are suitable for cold weather climates. Here are some of the most popular options:

Cold Frame Greenhouse

The cold frame greenhouse is one of the simplest and least expensive types of greenhouses. It consists of a wooden frame with a transparent roof, usually made out of plastic or glass. The walls are typically made out of wood or metal, but they can also be constructed out of plastic or other materials. Cold frames are ideal for areas with mild winters, because they provide just enough protection from the elements to keep plants alive.

Hoop House Greenhouse

A hoop house greenhouse is a type of greenhouse that has curved metal frames covered in plastic sheeting. The frames are held up by metal poles and secured into the ground with stakes or anchors. Hoop houses provide more insulation than cold frames, and they can be used in harsher climates. They can also be easily extended or contracted depending on your needs, making them very versatile.

Gothic Arch Greenhouse

The gothic arch greenhouse is a popular option for cold weather climates because it offers superior insulation compared to other types of greenhouses. It features arched windows that allow sunlight to enter from all angles, which helps keep the internal temperature warm even in cold temperatures outside. The windows also act as vents when temperatures inside become too hot, allowing air to circulate and cool things down.

Polytunnel Greenhouse

The polytunnel greenhouse is another great option for colder climates. It consists of an aluminium frame covered in plastic sheeting, which helps trap heat inside the structure while still allowing plenty of light to enter through the sides and top. Polytunnels are relatively inexpensive compared to other types of greenhouses, making them a good choice if you’re on a budget.


Greenhouses offer gardeners and farmers many advantages when it comes to growing plants in colder weather climates. There are several different types available, each with its own unique advantages and disadvantages. Before investing in one, it’s important to consider your specific needs and choose the type that best fits them.